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TEST-0001
CALIFORNIA HISTORY OVERVIEW
S. C. Bachus
1400801771
04-21-2015
FRST-0001;FRST-0002
Public

Control Records for Frameset: FRST-0001
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FRST-0001
Conquest to Global Economic Power 1540-2015
1400801771
ELST-0001
Years
25
1525
2025
Event

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FRST-0001-A
Benign Neglect
1400801771
1525
1769
green-soft
None
Benign Neglect

Following Cabrillo's initial discovery and coastal exploration, Alta California was with a few exceptions all but forgotten by Spain and its neighboring European colonial powers. A number of historians contend this neglect was indeed beneficial to the region's Native Americans because it spared them the holocaust of death and disease that arrived with the post-conquest Spanish colonists two centuries later.

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FRST-0001-B
Alta California
1400801771
1769
1850
red-soft
None
Alta California

During this short eight decade period Alta California changed from what has been described as a "sleepy" remote Spanish colony to a territory of Mexico and then, with the Treaty of Guadalupe, a U.S. territory and ultimately statehood following the Gold Rush of 1849.

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FRST-0001-C
Statehood to Ishi
1400801771
1850
1917
cyan
None
Statehood to Ishi

This period was one of significant economic growth in which the new state's rich endowment of resources were utilized in support of industrial, agricultural and infrastructural development. It ends with the Panama Pacific International Exhibition which celebrated the rebuilding of San Francisco after the 1906 earthquake and fire. On a less celebratory note, it also demarcated the end of a period that saw the death of the State's last naturally free Native American, Ishi.

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FRST-0001-D
On the Edge of the World
1400801771
1917
2025
blue-soft
None
On the Edge of the World

Built originally in 1858 by Sam Brannan, the Cliff House rests on the end of the continent at Land's End in San Francisco. In 1977 it was incorporated into the Golden Gate National Recreation Area but still functions as a popular restaurant and landmark. Interestingly, as do 21st century tourists, the Yelamu tribe of the Ohlone people also once congregated at Land's End where they would celebrate a successful day's hunt or fishing by reciting traditional poems and stories. Dancing was especially popular and would be performed to chants of "I am dancing, dancing, dancing; dancing on the edge of the world". Centuries later, perched as it is on the edge of the world, by 2014 California's economy was ranked 8th globally.


Event List Control Record for Frameset
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ELST-0001
1400801771
Event List #1 for Califonria History Overview
1540-08-26CAHS-0001Alarcon Voyage
1542CAHS-0002Cabrillo Voyage
1579CAHS-0003Drakes Landing
1602CAHS-0004Vizcaino Voyage
1762-00-02CAHS-0006Treaty of Fountainebleau
1767CAHS-0005Jesuit Expulsion
1769-00-02CAHS-0007Portola Expedition
1776CAHS-0008SF Mission & Presidio
1812-00-02CAHS-0009Fort Ross
1821CAHS-0010Mexican Indep
1826-00-01CAHS-0011Smith Exped
1834CAHS-0013Secularization
1835CAHS-0012R H Dana Voyage
1841CAHS-0014Bidwell Party
1846-06-14CAHS-0016Bear Flag Revolt
1848-01-00CAHS-0019Gold Discovered
1848-02-10CAHS-0018Treaty of Guadalupe
1850-09-11CAHS-0020California Statehood
1860-00-02CAHS-0022Whitney Survey
1864CAHS-0023Yosemite Park
1869-05-10CAHS-0021Promontory Summit
1876CAHS-0025S P Links State
1890-06-30CAHS-0024USS Oregon
1906-04-18CAHS-0026S F Earthquake
1907CAHS-0027L A Aquaduct
1911CAHS-0028Populist Reform
1916-00-02CAHS-0029Ishi Dies
1934CAHS-0030S F Labor Riots
1937CAHS-0033Golden Gate Bridge
1942-00-02CAHS-0034Japan Attacks S Cal
1945CAHS-0035Shasta Dam
1955CAHS-0036El Nino Floods
1965CAHS-0037Watts Riots
1979CAHS-0038I5 Highway
2014-00-02CAHS-0039Econ Ranked 8th
 
Event Control Records for Item List ELST-0001
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CAHS-0001
Alarcon Voyage
1400801771
1540-08-26
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hernando_de_Alarc%C3%B3n
Alarcon Voyage

Sailing up the Sea of Cortes in 1540, Hernando Alarcon was commissioned by the viceroy of New Spain to provide Coronado's land expedition with supplies in support of its search for the mythical city of Cibola. Alarcon was to meet Coronado at the mouth of a large river previously sighted a year earlier in a voyage undertaken by Francisco de Ulloa. On August 26th Alarcon found the river which he named the "Rio de Nuestra Senora de Buena Guia" -- known today as the Colorado River. Continuing his search for Coronado, Alarcon and a band of twenty men proceeded up the Colorado in two skiffs as far as its confluence with the Gila River. Not making contact with the Coronado expedition, Alarcon left a cache of supplies marked by a cross on which he carved a message for Coronado. Against great odds, it was later found in December by one of Coronado's men, Melchior Diaz, who was searching for Alarcon and his supply party. Although he never made contact with Coronado, Alarcon's voyage did much to dispel the early 16th century belief that California was an island, and that the Sea of Cortez would lead to the imagined northwest passage to the orient.

 
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CAHS-0002
Cabrillo Voyage
1400801771
1542
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Rodr%C3%ADguez_Cabrillo
Cabrillo Voyage

Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo was the first European explorer to chart the coast of Alta California. Cabrillo sailed north from Navidad on the Mexican west coast on June 27th 1542, discovering current San Diego Bay on September 28, and a week later the Channel Islands. Sailing north he rounded Point Conception, which he named "Cabo de Galera", and proceeded up the coast as far as "Cabo de Pinos" (current Point Reyes) and the Russian River. As would explorers for the next 200 years, Cabrillo missed the entrance to San Francisco Bay. However, coming back down the coast, Cabrillo discovered and entered Monterey Bay, naming it "Bahia de los Pinos". Although his discoveries went largely unnoticed at the time, Cabrillo is remembered today as the first European to explore the Alta California coast. There remains some debate as to whether he was the first European to set foot on California soil, as a number of historians suggest that honor might be more properly bestowed on Hernando Alarcon or Melchior Diaz.

 
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CAHS-0003
Drakes Landing
1400801771
1579
N/A
Drake Lands in Northern California

Although there is some question as to where Sir Francis Drake actually landed, authorities generally consider the landing point to be in a small harbor slightly southeast of current Pt. Reyes.

 
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CAHS-0004
Vizcaino Voyage
1400801771
1602
N/A
Vizcaino Explores California Coast

This was the first major Spanish exploration effort of the California coast since Cabrillo efforts in 1542

 
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CAHS-0006
Treaty of Fountainebleau
1400801771
1762-00-02
N/A
Treaty of Fountainebleau

Secret treaty between Louis XV! of France and Charles III of Spain ceding French holdings in North America to Spain. It came as the result of a major French defeat, and France's subsequent loss of Canada to Britain, following a major battle in the Seven Years War.

 
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CAHS-0005
Jesuit Expulsion
1400801771
1767
N/A
Jesuit Expulsion from Spanish Empire

Although some historians doubt that the Jesuits were guilty of intrigues against the Spanish crown, Carlos III ordered their expulsion from both Spain and its colonial empire in 1767. As a result, Franciscan friars replaced the Jesuits in New Spain and Baja California, where they had been resident for over seven decades. A number of scholars, including Walter Nordhoff and Arthur Quinn, believe the Franciscans as an order were ill-equipped to administer a missionary effort, especially in the context of native cultures. Nordhoff for example argues that the native population in Baja remained stable from 1697 to 1767 under Jesuit presence but plummeted in the years following their expulsion. If that were truly the case, then the fate of Alta California natives seemed to be sealed when the Franciscan missionaries accompanied the Portola Expedition in 1769 into the long neglected reaches of the northern frontier.

 
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CAHS-0007
Portola Expedition
1400801771
1769-00-02
N/A
Portola Expedition

Gaspar de Portola leads joint land and sea expedition to colonize Alta California.

 
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CAHS-0008
SF Mission & Presidio
1400801771
1776
N/A
Mission Delores & San Francisco Presidio Founded

Mission Delores & San Francisco Presidio established at Yerba Buena on the shores of San Francisco Bay.

 
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CAHS-0009
Fort Ross
1400801771
1812-00-02
N/A
Russian Colony Established at Fort Ross

A Russian colony is established north of San Francisco at Fort Ross on the Sonoma Coast above the Russian River.

 
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CAHS-0010
Mexican Indep
1400801771
1821
N/A
Mexico Declares Independence from Spain

Mexico wins independence from Spain and officially claims New Mexico, Texas and Alta California.

 
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CAHS-0011
Smith Exped
1400801771
1826-00-01
N/A
Jediah Smith Leads Trans-Sierra Party in California

Jediah Smith Leads Trans-Sierra Party in California

 
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CAHS-0013
Secularization
1400801771
1834
N/A
Missions Secularized by Governor Figueroa

Missions Secularized by Governor Figueroa

 
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CAHS-0012
R H Dana Voyage
1400801771
1835
N/A
Richard Henry Dana Arrives on the Pilgrim

Richard Henry Dana Arrives on the Pilgrim

 
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CAHS-0014
Bidwell Party
1400801771
1841
N/A
Bidwell Party Arrives in California

It is said that 19th century immigrants to California and the West Coast came in three successively larger waves: those arriving in the 1840s seeking land; those in the 1850s searching for gold; and those in the 1860s and afterward looking for a new or better life. After enduring the hardships of the Great Basin badlands and then struggling over the precipitous mountain passes of the Sierra Nevada, the Bidwell-Bartleson party arrived in California's great Central Valley just before the winter of 1841. This small band of thirty-two men and one very brave women became the first wave of adventurous Americans hoping to settle in the benign hills and valleys of California.

 
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CAHS-0016
Bear Flag Revolt
1400801771
1846-06-14
N/A
Disgruntled Americans Declare California a Republic

Disgruntled Americans Declare California a Republic

 
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CAHS-0019
Gold Discovered
1400801771
1848-01-00
N/A
Gold Discovered at Sutters Mill by James Marshall

Gold Discovered at Sutter's Mill by James Marshall

 
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CAHS-0018
Treaty of Guadalupe
1400801771
1848-02-10
N/A
Treaty of Guadalupe Cedes California to U.S.

Treaty of Guadalupe Cedes California to U.S.

 
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CAHS-0020
California Statehood
1400801771
1850-09-11
N/A
California Becomes the 31st State

California Becomes the 31st State

 
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CAHS-0022
Whitney Survey
1400801771
1860-00-02
N/A
Whitney Geological Survey Begins

Commencing in 1860, J. D. Whitney completed his survey of California's geologic resources in 1864.

 
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CAHS-0023
Yosemite Park
1400801771
1864
N/A
Yosemite Park Created

President Lincoln signs bill cedes the area of what is to later become Yosemite National Park to the state of California.

 
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CAHS-0021
Promontory Summit
1400801771
1869-05-10
N/A
The U.S. Trans-Continental Railroad Completed

The U.S. Transcontinental Railroad Completed

 
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CAHS-0025
S P Links State
1400801771
1876
N/A
Southern Pacific Railroad Linking Northern & Southern California

Southern Pacific Railroad Linking Northern & Southern California

 
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CAHS-0024
USS Oregon
1400801771
1890-06-30
N/A
Union Iron Works in San Francisco Awarded USS Oregon Contract

Union Iron Works in San Francisco Awarded USS Oregon Contract

 
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CAHS-0026
S F Earthquake
1400801771
1906-04-18
N/A
San Francisco Earthquake & Fire

San Francisco Earthquake & Fire

 
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CAHS-0027
L A Aquaduct
1400801771
1907
N/A
Work Starts on the Los Angeles Aquaduct

Work Starts on the Los Angeles Aquaduct

 
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CAHS-0028
Populist Reform
1400801771
1911
N/A
Governor Hiram Johnson Reforms Government

Governor Hiram Johnson Reforms Government

 
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CAHS-0029
Ishi Dies
1400801771
1916-00-02
N/A
Ishi, The Last Truly Native American Dies

Ishi, The Last Truly Native American Dies

 
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CAHS-0030
S F Labor Riots
1400801771
1934
N/A
San Francisco Labor Riots

San Francisco Labor Riots

 
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CAHS-0033
Golden Gate Bridge
1400801771
1937
N/A
Golden Gate Bridge Completed


 
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CAHS-0034
Japan Attacks S Cal
1400801771
1942-00-02
N/A
Japanese Submarine Shell Oil Facility

Japanese Submarine Shell Oil Facility

 
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CAHS-0035
Shasta Dam
1400801771
1945
N/A
Shasta Dam Completed

Shasta Dam Completed

 
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CAHS-0036
El Nino Floods
1400801771
1955
N/A
Feather River Flood

Starting in mid-December 1955, northern California was struck by an intensive series of storms over an ensuing two week period. Generated by what we now know to be El Nino conditions, warm heavy rain quickly melted the Sierra snowpack, and the resulting floods on the Feather River all but destroyed the Central Valley cities of Marysville and Yuba City. These events ultimately provided political justification for the building of a massive dam on the Feather at Oroville. Although the initial purpose of the project was flood control, it was also seen as an invaluable water resource by agricultural interests, as well as a rapidly growing regional base of southern California water consumers. Elected in 1958 as governor and as some argued, as a strategy to capture southern California votes, Edmund Pat Brown proposed that the water stored in the proposed Lake Oroville, along with that already available in Lake Shasta, be distributed throughout the state. This included pumping it over the Tehachapi mountains and into the Los Angeles basin. In 1973 northern California water flowed over the Techachapis for the first time, and has remained a contentious issue ever since.

 
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CAHS-0037
Watts Riots
1400801771
1965
N/A
Watts Riots

Watts Riots

 
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CAHS-0038
I5 Highway
1400801771
1979
N/A
I5 Interstate Highway Completed

I5 Interstate Highway Completed

 
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CAHS-0039
Econ Ranked 8th
1400801771
2014-00-02
N/A
California Economy Ranked 8th Globally

California Economy Ranked 8th Globally

 

Control Records for Frameset: FRST-0002
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FRST-0002
Early California Pioneers - The Sheldon Family
1400801771
PLST-0001;PLST-0002;PLST-0003
Years
25
1525
2025
People

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FRST-0002-A
New England Origins
1400801771
1525
1800
green-soft
None
New England Origins

New England Origins

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FRST-0002-B
The California Sheldons
1400801771
1800
2025
blue-soft
None
The California Sheldons

The California Sheldons


Person List Control Record for Frameset
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PLST-0001
1400801771
Henry Hargrave Sheldon Line
1630SHEL-1630John Sheldon
1661-03-29SHEL-1661Timothy Sheldon
1689-03-01SHEL-1689Timothy Sheldon
1726-12-19SHEL-1726Rev.James Sheldon
1761-02-01SHEL-1761Asa Sheldon
1796SHEL-1796Daniel Sheldon
1820-08-30SHEL-1820Henry Hargrave Sheldon
 
Person Control Records for Item List PLST-0001
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SHEL-1630
John Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1630 England




N/A
John Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1661
Timothy Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1661-03-29 Pawtucket, Providence, RI
1744-03-31 Johnston, RI, USA
John Sheldon



Timothy Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1689
Timothy Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1689-03-01 Johnstown, Providence, RI
1741-03-27 Providence, Providence, RI
Timothy Sheldon



Timothy Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1726
Rev.James Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1726-12-19 Providence, RI
1818-10-05 Providence, RI
Timothy Sheldon



Rev.James Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1761
Asa Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1761-02-01 Providence, RI
1848-03-19 Utica, NY
Rev.James Sheldon



Asa Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1796
Daniel Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1796

Asa Sheldon



Daniel Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1820
Henry Hargrave Sheldon
1400801771
Y
1820-08-30 Troy, NY
1903-07-18 Green Valley, Sonoma Cnty CA
Daniel Sheldon

Laura Porter Thayer

Henry Hargrave Sheldon

Henry Hargrave Sheldon was born in Troy, New York, on August 30, 1820. The son of the local Justice of the Peace, Daniel Sheldon (SHEL-1796), Henry represents the sixth generation of Sheldons descending from John Sheldon (SHEL-1630), who immigrated in the mid-1600s to Pawtuxet in Providence County, Rhode Island from Warwickshire, England. Henry, at the age of 30, is listed in the 1850 Federal Census as living in Bristol in Hartford County, CT, where he worked as a copper mine clerk [01=DOCU-0008]. The 1860 Census shows that he and his family had moved to Warren, New Hampshire [02=DOCU-0001]. Apparently, Henry was employed there as a superintendant of a lead and silver mining operation. At that time his family included his wife, Laura Thayer Sheldon and six children - Charles Saber (age 16), Dexter Brittan (14), Laura (11), Fred (6), Henry (4) and Mary (2). Found in the possessions of his grandson, Raymond Sheldon (SHEL-1890), was a tintype photograph which provides us (see photograph at left) with a probable likeness of his image. During the 1860's Henry and his family moved west to California, and by 1866 he was living in Copperopolis working as a mining superintendent [03=DOCU-0002]. Reminiscent of Wallace Stegnar's novel, <i>Angle of Repose</i>, Henry's life seems in many ways to parallel the course of that book's protagonist, Oliver Ward, as he moved from one remote mining location to another. By 1879 we find Henry in western Nevada, working for the Sutro Tunnel Company Named after its founder, successful financier, and future mayor of San Francisco, Adolph Sutro, the Sutro Tunnel drained the Virginia City silver mines tapping the Comstock Lode. Started in 1869, the Sutro Tunnel intersected the main shaft of the Savage Mine 1,640 feet below its Virginia City opening. At completion in 1878, the tunnel exited near Dayton, after passing through six miles of the western Nevada mountains. Shortly prior to selling his stock in the Sutro Tunnel Company and moving to San Francisco, Adolph Sutro engaged Henry Sheldon as the tunnel's assistant superintendent some time in the mid-1870s. In October 1879 Henry accompanied former President U. S. Grant on a tour of the Sutro Tunnel. Interestingly, an article from the 1879 General Telegraph News refers to Henry as the tunnel's "Superintendent", although it is not clear that Sutro had yet transferred that title to him [04=DOCU-0010]. Shortly later in 1880, however, Sutro wrote Henry the following letter, which would indicate at a minimum that by that point Henry had assumed full tunnel management responsibilities [05=DOCU-0011]: [IMAG-0061] It is not clear how long Henry remained in Virginia City, however, a photograph [06=IMAG-0017] taken in about 1890 shows Henry and his wife Laura at the Sheldon family farm near Sebastopol, California. Laura had purchased the farm with Henry's son Dexter in 1880, and remained there rather than accompany her husband to Virginia City, and life in what was still then a rather raw mining town. Unfortunatlely, little is known about the remainder of Henry's life, however, the 1894 Sonoma County Voter Register [07=DOCU-0007] shows him living in Sonoma County, and later the 1900 census similarly shows him living in "North Sebastopol". Although requiring further research, records provided by the Sonoma County Genealogical Society preliminarily indicate that Henry died in 1903 on the Sheldon farm at Inwood.

 

Person List Control Record for Frameset
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PLST-0002
1400801771
Jared Dixon Sheldon Line
1628SHEL-1628John Sheldon
1661-08-06SHEL-1661-08-06Thomas Sheldon
1695SHEL-1695Josiah Sheldon
1722SHEL-1722Caleb Sheldon
1754SHEL-1754Josiah Sheldon
1787SHEL-1787Truman Sheldon
1813SHEL-1813Jared Sheldon
 
Person Control Records for Item List PLST-0002
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SHEL-1628
John Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1628 England
1708-07-27 S. Kingston, RI



N/A
John Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1661-08-06
Thomas Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1661-08-06




N/A
Thomas Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1695
Josiah Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1695




N/A
Josiah Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1722
Caleb Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1722




N/A
Caleb Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1754
Josiah Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1754




N/A
Josiah Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1787
Truman Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1787




N/A
Truman Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1813
Jared Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1813




N/A
Jared Sheldon


 

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PLST-0003
1400801771
Mark Sheldon Line
1629SHEL-1629Isaac Sheldon
1658-12-08SHEL-1658John Sheldon
1686-08-26SHEL-1686Isaac Sheldon
1710-12-15SHEL-1710Roger Sheldon
1751SHEL-1751William Sheldon
1783-04-19SHEL-1783Joseph Sheldon
1829-11-21SHEL-1829Mark Sheldon
 
Person Control Records for Item List PLST-0003
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SHEL-1629
Isaac Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1629 England




N/A
Isaac Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1658
John Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1658-12-08 South Kingston, RI
1727-06-07 South Kingston, RI



N/A
John Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1686
Isaac Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1686-08-26 South Kingston, RI
1752-08-25
John Sheldon


N/A
Isaac Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1710
Roger Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1710-12-15 S. Kingston, RI
1783-07-07 S. Kingston, RI



N/A
Roger Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1751
William Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1751 S. Kingston, RI
1815-07-18 S.Watertown, NY



N/A
William Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1783
Joseph Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1783-04-19 Watertown, NY
1857-11-01 Watertown, NY



N/A
Joseph Sheldon


 
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SHEL-1829
Mark Sheldon
1400801771
N/A
1829-11-21 Watertown, NY
1902-06-01 Watertown, NY



N/A
Mark Sheldon